Sportiness and good mood – a friendly character and reliability make the Labrador Retriever one of the most popular dogs in the world. Here you will find everything you can learn about such a famous dog as a Labrador.
The story of the Labrador
The Labrador Retriever is currently considered one of the most popular family dogs and is best known for its vibrant and friendly character. But since when does the dog known to us as a Labrador exist?
The Labrador Retriever was originally descended from the dog of St. John, a small version of Newfoundland. In the 15th century, his main task was to help Canadian fishermen by catching fish jumping from nets. In the 19th century, the Labrador was transported to Great Britain by the English Lord Malmesbury and became very popular among the nobility. The British began to breed Labradors and train them to be obedient hunting dogs. The name Labrador Retriever was first used in 1870. The term “labrador” comes from the island of the same name in Canada, and the “retriever” comes from English and means “get”.
He was bred specifically for the search and delivery of the killed animal, therefore, dogs prone to search for the game were chosen. In addition, the “soft mouth”, the dog’s ability to deliver prey that was not damaged to its owner, was especially valuable. He was bred in two pedigree lines. A distinction was made between a dry and a small field line for hunting and a massive exhibition line for exhibitions and as a family dog. FCI classifies the breed in the first section of the eighth FCI group, classifying it as a retriever.к содержанию ↑
Features and Specifications
The Labrador Retriever is a friendly and intelligent dog with great readiness for work. Nothing can stop him, and he is always open and good-natured. And with strangers, and with other dogs, he always behaves without aggression, so he is hardly suitable as a guard dog. The Labrador is very obedient and can be trained even by beginners in dog breeding and training. Some dogs even show a pronounced desire to obey, which means that they want to please their owner with all their might. He is also extremely smart and with great motivation is learning new teams and games.
The sports labrador retriever loves long walks and needs to run in any weather. Therefore, it is especially suitable for active families who like to take it everywhere and play a lot of sports. He is very connected with people and feels most comfortable in a family with a lot of social contacts.к содержанию ↑
How to maintain the health and psyche of the Labrador Retriever?
Thoughts Before You Buy
Before you buy a puppy Labrador, you must be aware of all responsibility for him. Although parenting is relatively easy compared to other breeds, the breed places high demands on its owners. You must be sure that you can communicate with the dog for a long time. The Labrador Retriever has a relatively long lifespan of 10-14 years. During this time, you should walk every day and never leave the dog alone for long. Due to the strong attachment to his biped, the Labrador is absolutely not suitable for keeping in the nursery and does not like to be alone at home.
The price of a Labrador puppy varies greatly depending on whether he is a purebred, puppy or adult. For thoroughbred puppies from the breeder, you should pay about 1000 €. In fact, serious breeders invest a lot of money in their dogs to maintain a healthy and clean breed. You have a choice between three different colors of the Labrador – chocolate brown, black and yellow, with brown retrievers being the most expensive. Many confuse a Labrador with a Golden Retriever because the two breeds are very similar in appearance and character.
Parenting and development of a puppy
If you take your puppy from a breeder, he is usually 8-12 weeks old. Although he is still small and cute, you should start training the Labrador at an early age. In the end, each puppy becomes a large, strong dog, which loves to check the verge of what is permitted, if she has not received the proper education. The physical maturation of the dog lasts only about two to two and a half years. However, they reach puberty at the age of 6 to 10 months.
Activity with a Labrador
The Labrador Retriever is very energetic and requires a lot of exercises. A motion-loving dog needs at least several hours a day of physical activity and exercise to develop a sense of mind. Long walks and a variety of workouts are part of everyday life with a Labrador. Since the breed was originally bred for hunting, he always enthusiastically catches a stick or plays with the ball. They also like to take everything out of the water and swim.
Exciting games of intelligence and skill are especially important for a smart dog, in which he can enjoy from time to time. In stores, you can find a wide selection of toys for this, or create them yourself. In these games, the labrador uses his nose, opens drawers, presses levers or raises his hats to get to the treat.
Health and care – pay attention
Labrador dogs are usually very easy to care for. Because of its short coat, it is enough if you shake off the dog and remove the fallen coat. In addition, Labradors are prone to overeating. For this reason, you must be careful that the dog does not gain excess weight. Many dogs tend to swallow anything that looks edible. This can be very dangerous while walking, so you should teach your dog at an early age what to eat and what to not. In fact, the Labrador Retriever is a strong and healthy breed. Like other large dog breeds, the Labrador is prone to joint problems. Therefore, you must make sure that the puppy does not run up the stairs too much.
Labrador Retriever as an assistant in everyday life
Due to its friendly and compassionate nature, the Labrador is also suitable as a companion dog for people with disabilities or for the blind. The Labrador not only looks good as a helper dog but is also valued as a therapy dog, especially for children and the elderly. Since the breed is very humane and intelligent, they are also popular representatives of the rescue dog squadron and help rescue on water or avalanche rescue. Labradors are also in high demand as dogs that prevent diabetes. Armstrong, the first dog to feel low blood sugar, has been included in the Guinness Book of Records since 2015. In addition, they are the most used dogs internationally when it comes to police and military operations.к содержанию ↑
Interesting facts about the Labrador Retriever
- The Labrador has been featured in many television productions and feature films. The film “Marley and Me” attracted a lot of attention. In the film, the characters buy the yellow Labrador Marley, who is constantly creating chaos, but still remains a favorite member of the family.
- Some celebrities, such as Gwyneth Paltrow, Anne Hathaway, and Prince Charles, are also ardent fans of the Labrador.
- Labrador is the perfect swimmer. This is the only breed of dog on whose feet there are membranes. That’s not all: when swimming, they use the tail as a “steering wheel”, and their wool repels water. Under water, a dog can swim up to 25 meters.
- Labradors are often used by customs officers, rescuers, and other government agencies to search by smell (including to detect drugs).
- Labradors are not only the common golden-gray color: there are also chocolate and black.
- Labrador is not the best watchman. He has not developed a sense of “his territory”, and he is too friendly even to strangers. Therefore, getting such a dog to guard a private house or apartment is not worth it.
- Compared to most other breeds, Labradors mature for a long time: they are considered mature by the age of 4 years. His growth increases to 1.5-2 years, and up to 2.5 years he can still grow in breadth – that is, an outwardly adult dog can behave like a puppy for another 1-1.5 years. On the one hand, this is a minus, since 25-40 kg of weight is in a playful mood and not every adult man will keep it. On the other hand, a “protracted” childhood simplifies training if you do not have time do not want to give the dog to a dog trainer as a puppy.
- Pets of this breed do not tolerate loneliness: they are strongly attached to the environment, they are anxious in the absence of the owner for a long time. This can be manifested in damage to the apartment.
- Labradors are insatiable: they can eat a lot, even when full. If you succumb to a mournful look and feed your pet beyond measure, it may become obese (and due to obesity, this breed often develops diabetes and problems with the hip joints).